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Quality of life (QoL) represents a different aspect of health that is generally measured using standard methods such as various clinical measurements, X-rays, scans and blood tests. The World Health Organization (QoL) defines an individual’s place in life as an individual in terms of their culture and values, as well as their goals, expectations, standards, and concerns. Standard QoL indicators include physical and mental health, wealth, employment, environment, education, recreation, leisure time and more.
Also, there is a strong focus on increasing the chances of survival, maintaining good health and achieving better QoL.
According to the World Health Organization, they are key domains that include QoL
1. Physical health domain It refers to an understanding of one’s physical health and how one can improve one’s physical well-being. This domain includes daily life, energy and fatigue, mobility, pain and comfort, sleep and rest, work capacity and dependence on medical assistance.
2. Psychological domain This generally includes physiological well-being, which can be described as the satisfaction of life.
3. The domain of social relations This primarily includes a variety of roles in which a person can develop and manage relationships with friends and family, provide adequate support systems, and develop relationships in their professional activities.
4. Local domain This domain includes financial resources, freedom, physical well-being, safety, health and social care – access and quality, housing, access to new information and skills, recreational activities and environmental opportunities (pollution / traffic / climate).
Exercise and diet both play an important role in maintaining a healthy lifestyle and increasing QoL. During adolescence, attention should be paid to maintaining muscle mass and aging, eating proper nutrition, and participating in regular physical activity to reduce muscle mass.
Numerous research studies have shown that exercise can improve QoL by increasing mood and reducing stress and anxiety. Even small activities have proved to be beneficial.
When it comes to nutrition, there are factors that affect health, well-being and QoL, both under and over the diet.
Malnutrition can lead to weight loss and malnutrition, which can lead to “energy shortages”.
Anxiety, uncertainty, boredom and stress as a result of the ongoing epidemic have led to an ’emotional appetite’, especially of ‘comfort foods’ rich in sugar, salt and fat. There was a 66% increase in lunch snacks, and midnight snacks were reported to be the most common and unhealthy snacks.
Studies show that high-calorie foods, especially high-fat and high-carbohydrate foods esp. High levels of sugar, obesity, apathy, fatigue, and sleep disorders have been shown to affect physical health, fitness, and QoL.
A healthy diet, regardless of age, should include a balanced diet that focuses on high-quality macro-nutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Grains, mills, cereals, fresh, seasonal fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, dairy and dairy products, chicken, fish and eggs.
Proteins are an important component of the immune system, antibodies, enzymes and hormones. One of the prerequisites for increasing muscle mass is an adequate supply of adequate quality protein. Proteins contain amino acids, and the key elements in immunity are amino acids Arginine, glutamine, and branch chain amino acids (BCAA). Protein-supported immune cells, leukocytes, cytokines, and phosphates, all contribute to the elimination of infections and the strengthening of the immune system. Numerous studies have shown that protein deficiency can weaken the immune system and increase susceptibility to disease.
A protein diet is essential for improving strength, body composition, building immunity, and improving overall QoL
Numerous surveys and studies have shown that Indian diets are primarily low in protein. In addition to eating the right amount of protein, we need to focus on including good quality protein in our diet. Dairy products, eggs, chicken, fish and soy are full sources of protein, while vegetarian sources are low in protein like nuts and nuts. To get good quality proteins and all nine essential amino acids, one must properly combine these protein sources such as grains + legumes, legumes / nuts, grains / dairy products. For example, dal + rice, milk + grain. In addition to providing protein for good quality and quantity in the diet, vegetarians can meet these requirements by eating dairy products such as yogurt and cottage cheese.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with proper lifestyle and healthy exercise can be very important steps in improving QoL. A healthy, balanced and nutritious diet can contribute to a strong immune system by focusing on protein and other essential nutrients and fighting off infections by maintaining good strength and mobility.
(Shirley Salis is a registered dietitian, certified diabetes educator and naturopath.
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