HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system. If a person does not get HIV treatment, he or she can get AIDS. Although treatment for HIV is effective, people with HIV or AIDS can benefit from a healthy diet. A balanced diet can help them cope with their symptoms and the side effects of medication.
Eating a diet rich in vitamins and minerals can be helpful for people living with HIV or AIDS. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are good sources of nutrients.
Due to a weakened immune system, some people living with HIV or AIDS need to take extra precautions to avoid foodborne infections. This includes measures such as avoiding raw fish and raw eggs.
This article explains the importance of nutrition and nutrition for people living with HIV or AIDS. It also lists foods to include and avoid, as well as advice on how to manage the dietary problems that people living with HIV or AIDS may face.
Good nutrition is good for everyone, but it is especially important for people living with HIV or AIDS. One of these can damage the immune system.
According to the Veterans Affairs Department (VA), a person with HIV may need to work harder to fight infections that require more energy. As a result, they may need to eat more.
HIV and AIDS can also cause weight loss. This is a common problem for people living with HIV. This is because the infection reduces appetite and makes a person very tired to eat.
Eating disorders that can cause weight loss can also be caused by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and mouth sores.
Read about the symptoms of HIV here.
According to the Institute of Nutrition and Nutrition (AND), nutrition has many benefits for people living with HIV or AIDS, including
- Improving resistance to infections and complications
- Reduction of drug side effects
- Relieving the symptoms of HIV
- Improving one’s quality of life
Decreased immunity to HIV and AIDS can make a person more susceptible to foodborne illness.
Germs in food and water can cause long-lasting and more serious infections in a person with a weakened immune system.
Therefore, in addition to eating a balanced diet, anyone with immunity needs to take extra precautions when cooking and eating.
VA offers the following recommendations:
- Wash your hands with soap before and after cooking and eating.
- Keep tables and utensils clean.
- Wash fresh fruits and vegetables with clean water.
- If the expiration date expires, refrain from eating packaged foods.
- Melt food in the microwave or refrigerator rather than at room temperature.
- Cook fish, poultry and meat until well done, at 165-212 ° F (74-100 ° C). Use a meat thermometer to check the temperature.
- Do not eat sushi or uncooked dairy products.
- Do not eat undercooked, for example lightly or softly fried.
- Avoid leftover food that is more than 3 days old.
Water can contain bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Someone might want to buy a water filter to install in their home so that they do not get sick with contaminated water.
A person with HIV or AIDS who is not immune may consider using only boiled water for cooking and drinking.
Food hygiene tips
BADN recommends eating foods rich in vitamins and minerals, as the body needs them for disease, healthy blood cells, and other health aspects.
Such foods include:
- Fruits: Eat a variety of fruits, such as blueberries, peppers, and grapes.
- Vegetables: Change the vegetable oil to include different colors, such as cabbage, spinach, and beans.
- Uncooked wheat: These foods contain fiber. Examples include 100% whole grain rye, brown rice, and bread.
- Proteins Good sources include beans, eggs, low-fat dairy products, fish, poultry and grilled meats.
- Low-fat dairy products; Examples include low-fat cottage cheese, milk and yogurt.
In addition, people with HIV and immunity should drink 8-10 glasses of water or other fluids daily.
- Reduces fatigue
- Helps prevent dehydration
- Reduces drug side effects
- It helps the body get rid of the drugs it uses
Learn about the 15 benefits of drinking water here.
It is recommended for a person with HIV:
Foods and beverages for people living with HIV or AIDS and who have immunity should include the following
- Salt; Some foods that contain high amounts of sodium
Including ECold cuts, soups, bread, pizza and sandwiches.
- Sugar: This includes sweet drinks and desserts such as ice cream, cakes, cookies, cakes and pastries.
- Unhealthy fat; This includes whole grains found in meat and palm oil. One should avoid trans fats found in foods that are partially hydrogenated.
- Alcohol: This includes beer, wine, and spirits, such as Vedic and Roman. Excessive alcohol consumption can weaken the immune system. This can make it harder to fight infections and increase the risk of side effects from medications.
Advice on controlling the various eating disorders that a person with HIV or AIDS may experience.
One can try to increase appetite by:
- Engage in gentle exercise, such as walking.
- Avoid drinking too much fluids before or during meals, as this promotes a feeling of fullness.
- Instead of eating three large meals a day, eat smaller, more frequent meals.
- Choose your favorite foods and eat in a fun place.
Learn about appetite here.
Treatment of nausea
To control nausea, one can take the following steps:
- Do not use liquids with food.
- Drink ginger tea, which a
Natural medicineFor nausea.
- Avoid strong-smelling foods, as well as fatty, spicy and sweet foods.
- Eat small snacks every 1-2 hours.
Learn about home remedies for nausea here.
Treatment of diarrhea
People can try to control diarrhea in the following ways:
- Try a BRAT diet that stops bananas, rice, apples and toast.
- Avoid milk and dairy products.
- Limit the consumption of sodas and other sugary drinks.
- Drink plenty of water and other fluids to stay hydrated.
Learn about home remedies for diarrhea here.
Management of swallowing problems
Individuals can take the following steps to control swallowing.
- Avoid solid or solid foods, such as raw vegetables.
- Eat cold foods and drinks instead of hot foods and drinks.
- Try eating soft foods such as oatmeal, mashed potatoes, yogurt and canned fruits.
- Avoid acidic foods such as oranges and tomatoes.
Prevention of weight loss
To prevent weight loss, one should eat more:
- Protein: Ideas for adding protein to a meal include spreading almond butter on a bottle and eating yogurt with fruit.
- Calories: Ways to increase calories include eating more fats, such as avocados, and eating more carbohydrates, such as fruit or bread.
Find out which foods can help a person gain weight safely.
If you have difficulty eating, you should consult a registered dietitian. You can ask a doctor who has experience with people living with HIV or AIDS.
Not all people living with HIV are immune. People with the disease do not always have the same symptoms or side effects of the drug. And some HIV-positive individuals may have other nutritional needs.
The dietitian can adjust the diet to meet a person’s specific dietary needs.
Learn more about the role of nutritionists and nutritionists here.
If a person has HIV or AIDS and their immune system is weakened, proper nutrition and nutrition will help their immune system fight infections.
Some eating habits, such as HIV or AIDS, can help control eating disorders, such as nausea and vomiting.
For people living with HIV or AIDS, a balanced diet includes fruits, vegetables, legumes, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products. It also restricts the consumption of salty and sugary foods, as well as foods high in saturated and saturated fats.